a·nal·y·sis / əˈnaləsəs / noun
detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation.
the process of separating something into its constituent elements.
syn·the·sis / sinTHəsəs / noun
combination or composition, in particular.
the combination of ideas to form a theory or system.
Excerpts of definitions pulled from Google. Inspired by this episode of the Design Matters podcast.